Indian rice export prices slipped this week as demand from Africa remained sluggish, while shipments from Thailand remained sluggish to a strong baht.
Prices of 5% broken parboiled variety in top exporter India were quoted at around $371-$375 per tonne this week, down from $373-$379 a week ago.
Demand from African countries has been muted for the last few weeks, even as export prices have corrected, said an exporter based at Kakinada in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
India’s rice exports plunged 26.5% in April-July from a year ago to 3.14 million tonnes, a government body said earlier this month.
In Thailand, a strong baht, Asia’s best performing currency in 2019, has kept away potential buyers who find cheaper markets elsewhere, such as in Vietnam. Thai exporters have struggled to sell the staple since the beginning of the year.
The country’s benchmark 5-percent broken rice prices were quoted at $400-$420 a tonne on Thursday, compared to $400-$418 last week.
“The price is only fluctuating due to the exchange rate at the moment as both demand and supply remain unchanged,” a Bangkok-based trader said.
Concerns over supply also persist due to floods in northeastern Thailand that have damaged agricultural land, including some rice-growing areas. This has not had an immediate impact on prices though, traders said.
“Buyers seem to be heading to Vietnam as Thai prices are a lot higher,” a trader based in Ho Chi Minh City said.
“We think that prices have bottomed and that domestic supplies have gone low as the summer-autumn harvest has ended.”
In Vietnam, rates for 5% broken rice rose to $335 a tonne on Thursday from $325 a week earlier, which was its lowest since November 2007.
Preliminary data showed at least 37,100 tonnes of rice is scheduled to be loaded at Ho Chi Minh City ports during Oct. 1-9, with most of the shipments bound for West Africa and Malaysia, according to traders.
Solacebase recalled that Nigeria, the highest African importer of rice from Asian has closed its borders over the weeks.
Meanwhile, Bangladesh is considering providing a subsidy to farmers, who suffered a double blow of low rice prices and high harvesting costs, in an effort to reduce production costs and boost domestic output, Agriculture Minister Abdur Razzaque told Reuters on Thursday.
“To make it profitable, we must use more machinery because the labour price is very high. We’ll provide (a) subsidy to help farmers buy modern machinery so that they minimize labour costs for production,” he said.
Dhaka has been unable to clinch overseas deals since a long-standing export ban was lifted in May as its rice is more expensive than India’s or Thailand’s, despite a recent fall in local prices.